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Abstract Detail



Economic Botany Section

Poe, Michelle [1], Onyilagha, Joseph [2], Talbert, Luther [3].

Biochemistry of Water Stressed Wheat.

Wheat (Triticum aestivum) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world. However, drought is a serious factor facing wheat farmers worldwide and causing substantial yield loss. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine if particular compounds were produced during times of water stress thereby enabling the plant to cope. The vacuolar compounds in the stems, leaves, and flower spikes of water-stressed and unstressed McNeal and Thatcher varieties were analyzed using HPLC and compared for differences and/or similarities. The stems, leaves, and flower spikes of both varieties showed mainly phenolic compounds including phenyl propenoids and flavonoids. Of the phenyl propenoids, chlorogenic acid was prevalent, and, of the flavonoids, luteolin glycosides were dominant. Apigenin was also present in the flavonoids. However, further analyses indicate that the concentrations of luteolin and apigenin were frequently higher in the water stressed varieties compared to the unstressed varieties. In contrast, chlorogenic acid concentrations were frequently higher in the unstressed varieties. This fluctuation in concentration of luteolin, apigenin, and chlorogenic acid could be a coping mechanism used by the plant to deal with water stress.

Broader Impacts:


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1 - University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Department of Biology, 302 Verne St., Pine Bluff, AR, 71602, USA
2 - University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, Department of Biology, 1200 N. University Dr., Slot # 4972, Pine Bluff, AR, 71601, USA
3 - Montana State University, Dept. of Plant Sciences, PO Box 173140, Leon Johnson Hall, beverly hills, MT, 59717-3140, USA

Keywords:
wheat
water stress
biochemistry.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: 1
Location: Napoleon Ballroom/Riverside Hilton
Date: Monday, July 29th, 2013
Time: 8:15 AM
Number: 1002
Abstract ID:959
Candidate for Awards:Economic Botany Section best student paper


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