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Abstract Detail



Pteridological Section/AFS

Nishida, Keisuke [1], Hanba, Yuko [2].

Low mesophyll CO2 conductance of ferns relates to their mesophyll traits.

On the process of photosynthesis, CO2 diffuses from the atmosphere to the chloroplast, through stomatal pores and leaf mesophyll. In recent years, there are increasing evidences showing that mesophyll conductance for CO2 diffusion (gm) limits leaf photosynthesis as well as, or even more than, stomatal conductance (gs). Generally, gs of ferns are lower than those of mainly seed plants, because of their low stomatal frequency. Although gm was widely reported in seed plants, gm of ferns has not been reported yet. We selected five temperate fern species from different habitats, Adiantum pedatum, Pteridium aquilinum, Dryopteris erythrosora, Lygodium japonicum, Thelypteris dentate, and estimated their gm using stable carbon isotope method. Then, the mesophyll anatomies of fronds were observed using light microscope and transmission electron microscope to estimate their effects on gm. All ferns used in this study have lower gm than typical seed plants, irrespective of their habitats. Ferns used in this study had chloroplast in epidermal cells, which differs from typical seed plants. Ferns did not have well-marked palisade tissue. Chloroplasts of ferns were bigger and fewer than those of seed plants. As a result of these anatomical traits, Sc, surface area of chloroplast facing to interceller air space, of ferns were lower than those of seed plants. If our data were plotted together with the data of seed plant in the previous studies, gm values were positively correlated with Sc, which suggests that low Sc of ferns was an important factor that explains why gm of ferns are lower than those of seed plants.

Broader Impacts:


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1 - Kyoto Institute of Technology, Materials and Life Science, 1, Hashigami-cho, Mathugasaki,Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan
2 - Kyoto Institute of Technology, Applied Biology, 1, Hashigami-cho, Mathugasaki,Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8585, Japan

Keywords:
 Ferns
 Pteridophyte
 Photosynthesis
 Mesophyll conductance
 Mesophyll anatomy.

Presentation Type: Poster:Posters for Sections
Session: P
Location: Grand Salon A - D/Riverside Hilton
Date: Monday, July 29th, 2013
Time: 5:30 PM
Number: PPD005
Abstract ID:602
Candidate for Awards:None


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